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[PDF](+33👁️) Télécharger ERIC ED076071: French-African Cultures: A Resource Unit. pdf
This resource unit concerns French-African cultures and their influence on other cultures. The materials may be incorporated into Levels 3, 4, and 5 French classes. Topics in the outline include environmental aspects; historical background; and cultural differences expressed in Senegal, Guinee, Mali, Cote d'Ivoire, Haute Volta, Togo, Dahomey, Niger, Tchad, Cameroun, Republique Centre-Africaine, Gabon, Congo-Brazzaville, and Congo-Kinshasa. A bibliography and list of other materials are included. (RL)Télécharger gratuit ERIC ED076071: French-African Cultures: A Resource Unit. pdf
ED 076 071
FL 003 976
Forbes^ Barbara » . -
French-African Cultures: A Resource Unit.
Prince George's County Board of Education, Upper
♦African Cultijre; ♦African History; ♦Cross Culturax
Studies; ♦Cultural Education; Environment; French ;
♦Instructional Materials; Teaching Guides
This resource unit concerns French-African cultures
and their influence on other cultures. The materials may be
incorporated into Levels 3, 4^ and 5 French classes-. Topics in, the
outline include environmental aspects; historical background; and
cultural differences expressed in Senegal^ Guinee, Mali^ Cote
d'lvoire^ Haute Volta^ Togo^ *Dahomey^ Niger ^ Tchad, Cameroun,
Republique Centre-Af ricaine^ Gabon, Cohgo-Brazzaville, and
Congo-Kinshasa. A bibliography and list of other materials are
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^ (This material may be incorporated into any level of French. The material could
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O Levels IV/ V euid in some aspects in III. Dora Kennedy)
^ FRENCH-AFRICAN CULTURES
CD A Resource Unit
iJ-' Barbara Forbes - Largo Senior High School
PURPOSE ' •
This unit concerns the French-African Cultures and its influences on other
cultures found in other parts of the world.
Included in this paper you will find a suggested outline or perhaps an
approach you might wish to develop.
A specific purpose might just be to increase the understanding of other
French-speaking cultures of the world.
1. To become informed about the way of life, history and desires of these
cultures - Africa
2. To seek to understand Africa as an emerging Black continent
3. To use where possible materials in the language
4.. To incorporate other goals that may be of interest to the students
1. To help the students in becoming knowledgeable about the history,
geography, cultures and present day aspirations of Africans
2, To help students to develop cultural insights about ethnics in our daily
^ environment, and specifically to be able to analyze more intelligently
the plight of the African within his own continent and the world
3. To have students learn about African history and geography &nd culture
^ and how they relate to the influence in the Caribbean and in America
Q 4^ To present the opportunity for the refinement of the language skills
1^ through meeuiingful content, including experiences in reading selections
\J from African literature, Haitian literature, literati^re of Guadeloupe
and Martinique, and American Black literature.
I. Environmental Aspects
A. Physical Geography
b. tropical summer rainfall
c. the Sahara and its southern counterparts, the Namib and
d. the Mediterranean coastlands
e. East Africa
2. Topographical Divisions
L Rain forests ' ^
B. R acial Composition (Five Distinct Races)
1. Physical characteristics
2. Linguistic Variety (Semitic, Hamitic, Sudanic, Bantu, and Bushman)
' 3. Others
IL Historical Background
A. Pre-European African Societies
1. Sudanic- Ghanan and Mali trade empires
2. Bantu migration
3. Phoenicians (600 B. C. )
4. Kushites (400 A. D. )
5. Axunites (300 B. C. )
B. Arabic Influences
1. Cultural differences southward and along coastal regions
(800 A. D. . 1600 A. D. )
2. Economic influences via trade route control and slave trade
(1000 . 1600 A. D.)
a. trading patterns between tribes broken
b. tribal patterns broke up families (social effect)
c. tribal traditions destroyed (socici-l effect)
d. Act of Berlin
e. European Influences
a. slave trade
b. minor exploration
d. extensive exploration made efforts and imperialistic
competition begin (1850)
ni. Cultural differences expressed in Senegal, Guinee, Mali, C6te d'lvoire.
Haute Volta, Togo, Dahomey, Niger, Tchad, Cameroun, RepubUque Centre-
Africaine, Gabon, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo- Kinshasa. (The Congo is
now called Zaire. )
A. Social Structures
1. Kinship system
2. Class strata
B. Economic and political development
1. Subject Matter (navel-fertility)
2. Regional Styles
a. metal work
d. mask making
E. Music eind Dance-
b. planting season
c. pregnant women
d. puberty rites (initiation)
F. African Literature
1, Traditional literature - oral among tribes
(written works were in European languages)
2, Modern Literature
1) Le Senegal
Adverture Ambigu^ by Cheik Hamidon Kane
2) Le Mali
Sous rOrage by Seydou Badian Komyate
3) Le Dahomey
Un Pifege Sans Fin, Le Champ du Lac by
4) Le Cameroun
Trois Pretendants un Mari by Guillaume Oyono
b. La Poesie Moderne
1) le Congo (Zaire)
''Le Recueil Epitome^^ by Tchicaya U'Tamsi
2) L'Isle Maurice
"Recueil de Poemes: Etranger'' by Edovard Maunick
3) Le Cameroon
Ind^pendance, Echos Africains by Charles Ngandd
Sur la Tombe de mon Pere by Rene Philombe
Le Taro Nuptial by Jean- Louis Dongmo
SuprSme Essence , La Delivrance Surgira by Nyanai
4) La Cote d'lvoire
Tout ce que tu m'as Donne by Anoma Kanie
Chant pour un Chef , Poeme a Koffi by E. Dervain
5) Le Segal
L'Attente, Intentions , Demain , Ecoliers by
6) Le Mali
Le Rocher en Feuilles by Bouna Boukari Diomara
7) Le Rivanda
Souvenir, Tam-tam , Au Reveil , Presence by
SUGGESTED BOOKS AND OTHER MATERIALS FOR VCE
IN IMPLEMENTATION OF THIS UNIT
^ Non- fiction
Contemporary Africa - Walter Wallbank
West Africa - Richard Adloff
Continuity and Change in African Culture - W. Bascom and M. Herskovita
Studies in African Linguistic Classification - Joseph H. Greenburg
Africa From A-Z - Robert Kane
Africa: Its People and Their Cultural History - G. P. Murdock
A Short History of Africa - R. Oliver and J. D. Faye
The Races of Africa - C. G. Selignon
A New Africa - Ellen and Attilio Gatti
Anthologie Negro- Africaine - Lilyan Kesteloot
African Myths and Tales - Susan Feldman
Africa - Fred Burke
'The Variety of Climate and Geography"
"The Variety of Tribal and Linguistic Groups^* 5 major linguistic groups
3 major physical types
"Cultural Overlap" (Nigeria)
Tribal as Opposed to National Loyalty"
"Extensive Arabic Commercial Influence**
"European Influences in Africa*' Portugal, Dutch, England, France
"West Africa" 22 m. , color. Regional and cultural aspects of Nigeria
"African Continent" 16 m., color. Geography of Africa (Introduction)
Audio- Visual Materials ^ '
Slides on West Africa
Television - watch TV guides for programs
Transparencies in French and English
World map, map of Africa, globe
Bulletin board displays on French- African countries
Africa South of the Sahara
Bantu Folk Music
Faces of Africa
Folk Music of Equatorial Africa
Taureg Music of South Sahara
Living in Central Africa (Zaire and Guinea Coast) color
Jeune Afrique ^
African Report -5-
Museum of African Art
316 A Street, N. E.
Washington, D. C.
Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (African Exhibit)
Embassies - See French Guides in County
Voice of America
African Embassy representatives
Guest speakers from Radio Africa^ (tapes are also available)
Projects - Activities
Collection of clothing
^ Oral and Written Reports - Student Presentation
Vasco da Gama
John Speke -
African and European Writers
Natural resources of Central Africa
African art and its influences seen in other parts of the world
Music of Haiti, Africa, and British West Indies
Jazz and its development
Other books or works suggested by the students
African Art - Tho University Prints, Cambridge, Mass.
Best, Florence. Music in the Making . Evanston, III. : Summary- Bir chard
Publishing Co. , 1960.
Clark, Leon E. The African Past and the Coming of the European .
New York: Praeger Publishers, 1971.
Courlander, Harold. Haiti Singing . Chapel Hill, North Carolina:
The University Press, 1939. s
Duran, Gustavo. Recordings of Latin American Songs and Dances .
Pamphlet. Washington: Music Division, Pan-Ajnerican Union, 1942
Haywood, Charles. Folk Songs of the World . New York: The John
Day Company, 1966.
Herring, Hubert. A History of Latin America. New York: Alfred A:
Krugman, Lillian and Ludwig, Alice. Little Calypsos . New York*
Carl Van Roy Co. , 1964.
Landeck, Beatrice. Echoes of Africa . New Yojrk: David McKay Co. ,
Nettl, Bruno. Folk and Traditional Music of the Western Continents .
New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. , 1965.
Perry, Sylvia and Krugman, Lillian. Song Tales of the West Indies .
New York: Car Van Roy Co. , 1964.
Slonimsky, Nicolas. Music of Latin America . New York: Thomas Y.
Crowell Co. , 1949.
Tooze, Ruth and Krone, Beatrice. Music and Literature as Resources for
the Social Studies . Englewood Cliffs, N. J. : Prentice-Hall, 1955.
The Golden Book Picture Atlas of the World. New York: Golden Press,
196D, Vol. 1.
New Standard Encyclopedia . Chicago: Standard Education Society, Inc. ,
1961, Vol. C, H, W.
LEARNING TQ DANCE BOOKS
Andrews, Noel. Anyone Can Dance Socially . Durban: Unity Publication, Ltd.
Kraus, Richard and Sadlo, Lola. Beginning Social Dance. Belmont,
California: Wadsw^^rth Publishing' Co. , Inc., 1966.
Lavelle, Doris. Latin and American Dances . London: Sir Isaac Pitnnan
& Son, 1965.
Murray, Arthur. How to Become a Good Dancer . New York: Simon and
White, Betty. Dancing Made Easy . New York: David McKay Co. , Inc. , 1968.
Youirians, Hohn G. Social Dance . Philadelphia: Temple University, 1969.
Bon Soir Dames: Michele Dejean Group, Creole Songs of Haiti , 10" Folkways
Mamma Sejid Me: Emerante de Pradines, "Mamman'm Boye*m Pote Cafe, " ibid.
Geliqu© O; Lolita Cuevas» Haitian Folk Songs , 10" Folkways , ^
Charity Bailey. Singing in the Kitchen , 10'* Y. P. Greystone Press
Choucoune: The Tarrier8 » Glory
Panama 'm Tombe: Haitian Rhythms , Decca
Drums of Haiti» Folkways
Tiroro - Best DrummeV in Haiti , Cook
Destine and Ensemble , Elektra
Meringuel , Cook
^ AUDIO- VISUAL
Rhythm in Africa. Africa Films, 16 min. hw. Homelife, crafts and ceremonial
dances of the Chads in Equatorial Africa. African Films, 1860 Broadway,
New York 23 - Folkway Records
African Dances and Games . New York: Selva, 1607 Broadway. (Odette Blunri,
1969: S 8t R Records No. 2000)
African Music: A Briefly Annotated Bibliography . Edited by Darius
L. Thieme, Library of Congress, Music Division, Washington, i964.
The work is divided into two main sections, the first listing
, periodicals and serial articles, the second listing books. A
bibliography of 597 items, with an author and linguistic area index.
Bascpm, .Wm. R.,cand'M. J. Herskovits, ed. , C:)ntinuity and Change
/ in African Cultures .' Chicago: University of Chicago Press,
• • 1959. '^,1.95: ^
See article'by Alan P. Merriam, "African Music. "
-Dietz, Betty and Michael Olatunji,' Musical Instruments of Africa .
New York: The John Day Co. , 1965, 11 pp., $5.95. / -
Excellent book for school use; contains recording.
Folk Songs of Afr? ca. Bowmar Records, 10515 Burbank Blvd. , North
-Hollywood, California, 91601. $1.50.
A good song collection. .
Hughes, Langston, First Book of Africa ^ New York: Franklin Watts, I960.
Good introductory book for childre|i.
Landeck, Beatrice, Echoes of Africa in Folk Songs >of the Americas.
New York: David McKay Co. , Inc. , 1961, 184 pp.
Good for school use^ .traces the influence of African music on
music o£#North and South America. Good song collection.
N^etia, J. H. -Kwabena, African Music in Ghana . Evanston, 111.;
Northwestern University Press, 1963.
Informative study of a specific West African area. A general
introduction to African traditional music as performed in Ghana.
[ . Drumming in Akan Communities of Ghana .
London: Thomas Nelson & Sons, Ltd. , • 1963.
Fascinating study of purposes, techniques, history, and "mystique"
surrounding drumming in Ghana.
. Our Drums and Drummers . Accra: P. O. Box
4348, State Publishing Corporation, 1968; 48 pp.
Written in elementary-type prose as a child*s textbook; filled with
excellent photographs of many typ^es of drums. Excellent lor
Tracey, Hugh. Chopi Musicians . London: Oxford University Press, 1948.
An Anthology of African Music . Barenreiter Musicaphon.
-9- ■ . .
Anthologie de la vie Africaine . Ducretet- Thompson. 320 C 126-128.
Folk Songs of Africa . North Hollywood: Bowmar. (With filmstrip)
African Drums : FE 4502
African Music: FW-8852
Africa South of the Sahara : FE 4503
Negro Folk Music of Africa and America: FE 4500
Music of the World's Peoples (in five volumes): FE 4504-8
Maraire, Abraham, African Story-Songs . Seattli, Wash.': University
of Washington Press, $5.95. . 12" 33-1/3 rpm; monaural.
Eight charmingly told and sung story- songs of the Shona people
of Rhodesia and Mozambique. Stories are told in English; songs
are in original Shona language. Can be used as teaching record.
African Musicians. (B & W, Brandon, $90. 00),
African Rhythm . (B & W; 17 min. ; Radim; $90.00)."
Discovering the Music of Africa . (Qolor; Film Associates; $250. 00).
Atumpan . (Color; 42 min. ; $400. 00; Institute of Ethnomusicolog>, UCLA).
Rhythm of Africa . (E & W; 20 min. ) . - .
First World Festival of Negro Art. (Color; 20 min. )
(Most of the above films cr.n be borrowed from school or public
libraries. . Both discography and iilm listings are brief; there are many
ethers available; check records carefully for authenticity. Filmstrips
are also available; Schloat has a fine series on Musical Instruments of Africa.
NEGRO' MUSIC USA:
Blesh, Rudi and Harriet Janis. They All Played Ragtime . New York:
Oak Co. ; $4. 4*^; 1966.
Definitive wo»k on the history of ragtime.
Courlander, Harold. Negro Folk Music. U. S. A. New York: Columbia
University Press, 1966. $10.00.
Comprehensive study of Negro folk mu*ic in United States;
spirituals, game songs, blues, etc. ; 43 examples of music.
Cuney-Hare, Maud. Negro Musicians and Their Music . Washington:
Associated Press, 1936; $4. 00. (Reprint)
de Lerma, Dominique- Rene, David Baker and Aistin B. Caswell. Black
Music Now: A Source Book on 20th Century Black American Music .
Bloomington: University of Indiana, 1970.
Feather, Leonard. The Encyclopedia of Jazz . New York: Bonanza Books,
1960, 527 pp.
Garland, Phyl. The Sound of Soul . Chicago: H. Regnary Co. , 1969,
246 pp. , paper, $2. 95.
Didcusseo modern developments in jazz.
Johnson, James W., and J. Rosamond Johnson. Books of the American
Negro Spirituals. Two vol. in one. New York: Viking Press,
1969, pap. $3.95.
Good song collection. j
Jones, LeRoi. Blues People . New York: William F. Morrow Co. ; 1963;
Excellent; traces development of Negro music in America from
slavery to present with emphasis on sociological implications of
Oliver, Paul. The Story of the Blues . N^w York: Chilton; 1969.
Shapiro, Nat and Nat Hentoff, eds. Hear Me Talkin' to Ya: the Story of
Jazz as Told by the Men Who Made It . New York: Dover, 1966.
Black musicians tell how they feel about blues and ragtime.
Southern, Eileen. The Music of Black Americans : A History. New York:
W. W. Norton; 1970; 552 pp. ; paper $4.45.
Well written; good background for teachers, high school and
college classes; extensive bibliography and discography.
NEGRO MUSIC USA: DISCOGRAPHY
Black Spirituals and Art Songs . (Stereo LP album available from Afro-
American MusijC Opportunities Association, Inc. , Box 662,
Minneapolis, Minn. 55440).
Blue Giraffe, Ltd. , 23-80 48 St. L. I. C. New York, N. Y. ; (two listings):
Ghetto Reality (Created and recorded by elen entary children in
Rochester, N. Y. representing experiences of a child's ghetto life. )
Afro-American Music. AA 702; (Demonstration recording by
Dr. Willis James; complete text included; 2 LP's. )
Dawson, William, Negro Folk Symphony . Decca 710077
DePaur Chorus. Mercury 90382.
tlistory of Jazz Series : FJ 2801-11
The Story of FJ 7312 (Narrated by Langston Hughes)
r reedom Songs: Selma. Alabama . FD 5594
Sf.n. Wilham Grant. Afr o^ American Symphony .' (The Society for the
, Preservation of the American Musical * • .p. O. Box
4244, Grand Central Station, New Yor \ . 10017 )
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