Mes Top 5 Ouvrages
Termes les plus recherchés
poken English Rule
TSfStf WMT 1# <£lt i 4ltd 2fl?T ^oo 4<T "5^®
<Kt tor -&ft it^rm i « <nt ^Kmr wu
^ft nt ©wlff ^ <Fd tor '©M to <Rt wfit
5# ^rt«mr '©h w i wm to ^ ^ • i^r T5 f^ *ttor m<r i
©rr*m ^fi> crn^ 3toR <t-<\ ft tor vsh w 5^5 N©m ^ft^r ©m (mi to? tor
Practice <PHC^> «tlWH, ^fllM ^ ' 5 Hc > m WfUtlt ^°C*l1«t
^Ttf^il^ ira i
cro rt cro cro sm*\ to^ to ^ wi
^RR ^RR WMc^ ^ i Pigc? R<p £fTOR Rp% word <4R° phrase CR3TIT 3L«ll:
To (RrR>) — Go to the college.
Towards (TOg«i<i RrR>) — He is coming towards me.
Ahead (RNc*R Rc<p) — Go ahead to find the place.
Back (Ri$G*l/fR^G*R Rc<p) — Please come back.
Backward (Ri^C r lsi Rc<p) — Look backward.
Beside (RlC^/RfC*R Rc<p) — Sit beside me.
Above (^*iG3*l Rc<p) — The fan is above my head.
Upward (^Wd Rc<f) — Go upward the hill.
Down (Rd>) — He fall down from the tree.
Along (<R<I*I; TOc*R Rc<p) — Go along the road.
Around (IjRRc^) — There are flowers around him.
About (sftTT) — It is about five o'clock.
Straight (CTOfl; <R<l*l) — The road is straight.
Frequency - G^FRo^^RtoT
CTO TOt TOTO RRr Rf Rt RfcR Rt rRr TO, TOH TO RR adverb TO
Rlc 1 '?*^ <IC«1 adverb of frequency. R^RMRRCR ^C'RC^ 2fR^ <u<i$R RRR 2)c?jl«?*H RR
Rct> R<ICi>C?J CRf*t RR ^RR word <4R° phrase CR3RT RG«ll:
once — ^IRRR
twice — ^rTO
three times/thrice — %^RR
four times — 1>RRR
ten times — *t*RR
many times — ^ci^R
several times — ^?RRR
often — £fR/£TT?H^
frequently — RRRR
most of the time —
sometimes — RfRf ’ 5 TR^i
intermittently — 1 Wl
by turns — ‘ 5 RRZRR
over and over again — RRRR
here and there — (THtiR
off and on — RfRl W
almost always — £fR
all the time — ^R
rarely — RtRl 'Sitstf
day and night — f^RR
day after day — 1WR *R fR?
month after month — ’ 5 Jt£ 3 R *R RR s tR
Attracting Attention - ^Iwl Wt
to to^® to^® m fero toi^® to, ww ^r
froro tost to <3H>fi3w> CTO toto^i to, ^®jtf*r cro stto tow to
Wshl^fTOT TOT ^ft ^#t TO i TOTO 4TO TO «M ‘«£lt CT ^pT TO
^T TO TOm TO «T# i t°MlTO TOTOTO TOrfTO *Tfa?T W^K express TOT
fe (FtTO TOT--
Excuse me — 'SppT
Listen — ^pT
Oh, come on! — WT^, f^® C5^T <KHf (^®f!
Am I clear to you? — Wff^T 1% f%W>T f^Tfc® CTOf^?
Am I not right? — fW <lf®lfa?
Isn't it true? — ^t>T 1% TOJ *T?T?
Isn't it really true? — ^TjT 1% TOTOTt ^E®! TO?
Adding More Information - 'TO'Q 'TO CQ Iff TOT
tottotoi cto troro to to to? to^® to *#tot cto to to to to?
TOI^® TO i <4TO^ 2f TO '©CTO' WTO 'TO' TOT 7 ! WTO® ^c«l word Wf phrase TOT
^ ^to® fro to <?r 4 fwro wro fwf to to i ctoto
Also — Wf^pSt
And — TO°
Moreover — WlWTO
Besides that — t 3TO5t/'TOT'5T
Another thing — WftTOfi> f%TO
Not only that — ^ ^®f^ TO
Another important things is that — WR3T^fi>
There's another reason why — g<p*i ^RR> WR^
Ability Expressing - C*TfflT©t
frnfad •m <ito<t «<t
<nt ^ i c^rtr ^ 1% *itra *rt wRihi (Trrw^ <Rm
Can <lj<l^^ ^ i <4fi> c£|<Ff^ Modal Auxiliary ^ ^ verb ^ Simple
Form "5T i
Can Modal Verb "^TT?! ^ ^TR^ s/es "5^ *Tf <4^° to infinity <1)<1^^ ^
I can do it. — Wff^T <PHC^ ‘htt% i
She can speak English fluently. — (?T ' 3 Tl<l < ^l®l v »lc<l ^°cnfst <MC^ ‘hR^ i
Negative sentence-^ contraction 'can't 1 <lj<l^^> ^ i Question-^
verb-^ ^?f i
I can't lift the box. — Wff^T 'Sale's ‘hlfl' *Tf i
Can he speak English? — (7T 1% ^°cnfst WR7T?
Addressing Somebody - <pl'5c<p ^IWhH Wi
^ •ttst, *n# m wr i o^\ cv & f ^
^#3^ CWt ^’SMf i fffe ^ ^«TR^3 WR^. i Informal
*tf^?*t ^*lf3fF5 <tf CTO:
Hi Hira, where are you going? - ^ UrT, 'ffR CRRRT^ Rt^?
Mainul, come here.— Rtl^pr, WR i
May I come in? - Wlf^T 1% WlRG'© *ttfR?
Did you call me mother? - Rt 1% WTRlW wc<p^?
Agreeing - RR^fa R>RT
rw grw w t§\ tottR 2m «*rc<h? ^fwr^ wr rw grw rw
^rr^© ttow rir rrrtr ^r 1 sma Rtf$? wi Rt rt r^rt sirrr r*w
RbRlbR f*1Gt><1 style '©Ir <lj<l^^> RR i
I agree — Wff^T ^RiR'©
You're right — tW <IG <S 1G%*1
I agree with you — Wff^T ^©rMRtR RfaR if)R>R\s
Yes, that's right — '©t tW
I couldn't agree more — WftR Rtf%
That's really the case — Rl>Hlt>T '©f^
You're absolutely right — ^IG^rIgr $><p <iG«lG^i
You can say that again — 'SflfR wr‘ 5 T f TT^r RttR ^jGRbjfR Rtlw
Yes, I have the same opinion — RJT, WRIT'S ^R 5 ^ R^©
Anger - RtR/T^R© gfR?H
rh sirrr rrtr wv >hu>«i c#i rjr^© rr rtrf©^ i wr cr ri^mr rirt
R*t°Rt R^Rt RlR, ^©1 to R^R RfR fRRto RRRR R^Rt RlR i W WR toiR R?RRR
RtSfR Rmt'S RH RRRR <FRt RR i W CF©iRl 4R$: WR RfRto R^Rtf® W i CRRR:
What are you doing? — HjfR <prg^1?
What the hell are you doing? — R^Rt^f HjfR, ©fR?
Comparing - IpRt
’SRrra ^ ^jm wr ^ i ^ rt w©iR^ rt
^sjifw « 4 <i#ft to RI^to ^rt <^ snR> i
Not so/as as
Nearly as as
Exactly as as
She is as beautiful as her sister. — <R '©fa (falG*l3 ^(.'©f ^faft i
She is not so beautiful as her sister. — (fa '©fa (falc^ ^C'©! ^faft R5f i
Connecting Statements - <I'3 »<ij
fatSfaT ^R <lR| 'ifa*? <l'S 3 <ljC<l 5 ^<pR (RlfW 2falG33 'Sft 5 # RT^RRsT Rc<p
Rcil fa'QRfa C^t <tR i ^fai^fa (cause) ww (effects) <Mfa ©r«ij
fafalC'THC^ v ©iR>R' 3 5 R>% word fa phrase fafafa "Sfa i ^'sRiG<I 5 ^fa fafa?f <ic«l
transition markers fa connectives. CfaR —
> And — ^fa
> Moreover — faR<P$
> Besides — ^©tlE5T
> Again — faR<P3$
> While — TO
> Whereas — fafa>
> To speak in detail — R'SlR'sfac^ <l«ic^ Cfafa
> One word more about it — ^ fatfafafa fafa faTf fafa
> And that's not all — fa^Tfa C*fa R?T
> Not only that — ^ '©t^ *fa
Castigating - Wt/Wt (Pi'Q'l It
wr Pr«<i <rt[ (7i wr Ptiti ^ ^ wr wttt ^
'^P 39 t^% 'S^ i Pico ^^< 10*1 <1 Rp% expression (7f'S¥f ^c«il—
What! You can't do it? — ^t! '■gPl <P^c^ 'Tl3C<i *Tf?
Shut up! Don't talk nonsense! — ]pf ^^t! «Tt!
That's enough! — ^C*^ 3G*JG5!
How foolish! Who told you to do it that way? — (^T^T! <PHG^
Comment Clause - W *KS<ll<!M
■STpp (71 (71 wi W, ^ (7T Prosit
<PHG^> <K^ 1 ^Th *f^Wj>G4 ^scufsrc^) "5T comment clause. (^IITIT ^1c<Pj ^Tf ^«Tf
^TTt, (71 3% W!<T pTC®t?I ^7Tf»T<r 4<H*1 clause W ^ 1
Rp% comment clause-^ '5^K<i c t (Tf'STIt ^c«lf—
> I regretted that he didn't take my advice = To my regret, he didn't take my
> To my regret = I regretted that (regret = WfWh ^t)
> It was surprising that he didn't get frightened at all = Surprisingly, he didn't
get frightened at all.
> Surprisingly = It was surprising that (frightened = ^ ^tfSTtf)
> I was surprised to find them all = To my surprise, I found them all.
Criticizing - • 3 l^lc«lli>*ll Wl
<ra cro toto to<t TOcrort to^ cto from cron *tk^
(structure) TOJ TOTO ^ ^T i WtW ^fgft i£R* TOT ^F CTOR ^ *rt?T
cstot cro TOfi> totottsito i ^3 totto cro tror totott to<t to?t « ct
TO sfro »hu>«i c#t £(¥M tot «nf% <?t®1*t TOt:
vslf^eqj^cf TOc«iIi>*iI^ ! t<p 2$$ (critical question)
Are you mad? — HjRr 1% TON?
You are not permitted to come here — CTOTfa <4*itC*? TOTfa v o|^fc> C*R i
What a rubbish! — 1% 1%§l!
I will teach you a good lesson. — Wff^T CTOlTO f*W fk^T i
* *jwt mr shall '-<$* *rfw& will %&h w/
<rr to to to toc^ cro ^TOt toto* ^rftro to to
TO ^T Denial.
Hira denied having gone there. — Rsit C^TTOT TOT^ 'TOtlaR <KaRc«lt i
She denied having broken the window. — '»tTO' TOft CT W?t^H TOC^Tf i
Negative sentence <lJ<lTO <Ka ^aMfa CTO? ^TO' y ai^a j l?‘ TOT TOt i CTO 7 ?:
You went there, didn't you? — CTOTC 7 ? RcaRc^, RcaRc^ t%?
No. I didn't. — *Tt, WfRt 1% i
Disapproval - TO^CTOR/^T^t^T
R^R RRTl f*tRF® RRTl'S f*tR£a ^R I WT Wl RRTl f*tRD® ^T
w^'s sirr*! rrr f*tRF® ^r i ^irwrr rkr fRR%, capft ^©RfR crkrr crir^r
RtR (RRR (RRR RlRR 4RiR 4-^ vorf^Rj vStR'Q RRR*t RRTC^ RftR i
I don't like it. — WllR R^*R <pR RT i
How do you tell me to like such a .... ? — 4RR 4RR5T ,TR> ^TlRlTRi
I can't approve that plan. — ^ RIrR^^RTTR 5 ' Wff^T ^CRl^M <PHC^ RtfR RT i
Doubt - rc*rr
^HkhH #RSR W fR^R RflRTTR^ ^RTCRRIR* CRtRR RRTC^ 4RS RRR*1 R^s
RR i t°T^W^ 4 tort*1I CR*1 ^RfcR RRR R^R RRft ^R I CRRR:
I'm not sure whether it's true or false. — <4T>T RW 1% fRRjt ^ Rfl'RTTR' Wff^T fRfw R^
Are you sure of your success? — 1% (^©TRtR R*p«l^>lR RIlRTCR fRf%R>?
Duration - RRR^h
(RRR RRW RiRP^R R£R ri5«i Rt rci> Rt rl>c<I Rt RT>£^T RTf ^fRTfc® fR£*TR time expression
Always — RRRt
All the time — RR RRR
All the while — RR RRR
Most of the time — ^rfwf°R RRR
From time immemorial — RIR c fl^]'©<pfR CRIR*
Since morning — RRRR CRTR>
For two hours — fj’R'frt RtR^
Time-consuming — RRRRttRR*
Durable — gi><mr
Long lasting — *ftwM
Transient — '^T^Tfft
Short lived — "Wtf
Till — WH *\m
Until — «|\©*s^ct ‘ 5 tW *Tl
As long as — ‘'IW
The whole day —
The whole night — ' 3 Tf^Es
In a month — ^ ' 5 ItI7T
By that time — ^(,*1*1
Encouraging - C2fa c IT p flW
£rm*it ^rro?r ew Rf© ^ i ^rtf^
RrIT^T'S i ^ Wh'S Rc^ " ! tt^ i R 5 ^ Rr?*R structure ^)<f
expression-^ ' 5 Jt 5 IIW ^ Wl'sR £W*t ^ i Rcc> C'i'QTfT ^T:
❖ So what? — '©fas 3G*IG5?
❖ But does it matter, anyway? — RRS '©fas 1% Rp% WfITi '^TT?!?
❖ But it matters little. — RRI '©fas C^5R R^ WfITi ^ *Tf i
♦♦♦ But who cares? — 1% ^ Wl^T?
❖ But it matters nothing. — RrI, R^ ^ WfTTI *Tf i
TO! ^rT, t^T# CW word Rt phrase TO TOR ^®TOTO TO# TORI TOR
CR^t <p<il "5R (TtSPlc^ <ic«i exclamation. Exclamation TOTC*tR <k*j<i# ^RtR TO^:-
<3<#TO word TOt, ^IR# phrase TOt, verb RD«1 RtRT TOt, what/how/ so/ such TOT
RfRT TO, negative RRR TO 4R^ #<F RN# TO <71 CTO RRR TO i CW-
How foolish! — 1% C^T^T!
How silly! — 1% CRR#!
How ugly! — 1% ^f*E®!
Exemplifying - 'Slk'fl'tTO RTHTt RRt
rtote®tr, r^to, c^itocr, ctor cro fRTO rtmti rto tot *#rto rto to
RTO 5 ^RtTO iTO® TO i TOR ^TTOTO RcfTO RTO TOCR RTO <rt TOT
TO ^fTO TOT TO i CTO:
To give an example
To cite C#T>) an example
Let's consider an example
To cite another example
Forgiving - TOT TOT
TOfro fetfTOTO TOT ^TO^ CTO CRRfCR (R# ®rf#TO RTO TORT TO1<K&<1 TO 0 !
^ TO TO TOT f#RR TO C#*fTOCR TO #C* T ^TRR RT% WTOTO ^®t TO RTO
CTO i ^ TOtfro (TffTOT CRTOTO TOt CTOT TO? iTO TO RTRTO TOR# ^TO CRSRT
I'm sorry. It's I who made the mistake first. — i IpT^t
It's all right. You didn't do it intentionally. — ^Tf^l i
Oh, that doesn't matter, really. — '8^T ^TMT^ *Tl i
^ f^m ?twji <im ^^%<F?pr i ^ <iw
G<l*M C*ltf%^©t ‘ TOp f§ $,GiJ 'S'd>, £2fEsT^ 'SMJ V 3 vst <PHC^> ^1<l*ft "5U i
^"^i 9 ! (.^^<1 word expression C^f*t C^TSf^T fact? C^f'QTTf ^«T:
in fact — Wl>1C«1
truly speaking — ' 3 T^J <i«ic^s> 1%
to be truthful — ' 3 T^J <MC^ 1%
to speak the truth — ' 3 T^I <q«ic^s> f%
^ tow ^©#r ^ <im<i wr i
wKfarfa ^*n?i wiw<?5 1 ^ fii&Rivo 1%^
expression OT'STTf ^C«lf:
Good morning/afternoon/evening/night (^Stlw)
Hello (*rf?f1w style)
Hi (^Pl^ style)
Happy new year
Eid Mubarak (Muslim tradition)
Merry Christmas (Christian tradition)
Many many happy returns of the day.
Guessing - y *ll*hl'Sr
TOT W tw?I Cffl W guessing
i ^»|fw statement WV «
f%°^T statement-^ R>% RRI*f^ expression Rc^> ^?f i (7R*I:
It will rain today — ^c<l i (Rfw)
It may rain today — 'Sfl'Sf ^fl $gm> i (>i , $l<Mf)
Habit Expressing - ^'©ih
Wzfl 7 ! gf^st*t Wf sTTff^s WsjFWF© 1%^ ^ra> sf^M Wl
^4»h5 fw f^PP 5 !^ i Present Indefinite Tense
i sm CTO W i CW:
Usually — ^icjhIcjH
Most of the time — ^rfwf\*f ^PRI
Hatred - ^
Yt\ f^3t stw <* *Ht*nf*t word w ^ i
I hate it. — Wfl^I ^Tf <pR i
I hate smoking in the public place. — ^spfM ^tt i
^Ifat'StTT y siC r l < i s 'spsT 5 ^© 1<P% expression phrase <l)<l^ <K*l WKPiFstW
fsf^s sitfa i ^n^©1®r ^ i
The real thing is that — *ii3«if ^c«lf
When it really means is than — ^ ^ft <3^11 '©T ^C«lf
Now it's clear that — ^^t*T (?I
As a matter of fact — ‘'IW
Intensity - v ©R v »l/ 5 1'»R v 3l
C^t 7 ? adjective adverb-^ 'Srcsfo V ©R'©1 2f^H ©r«ij R 5 ^ expression
phrase <lj<l^!^> i (stress) 1%°^t (emotion) SfiH <P3
She looks very nice indeed. — CT C^T ^ i
The project was a total loss. — Rc«lf vSt^f ^1% i
They were utterly (Wlt>tM) powerless. — '©M Rc«ll ‘ S J^T‘ S 2^% i
That's absolutely true. — ^TsJ i
He's really a genius. — CT [©tRlfll 3 ! i
It was truly a gigantic creature. — 'S^t 1%®Tt ^)<l i
fimy mm zmm mm stm Wr i <a*r <rr<i#
I invite you tonight at the dinner. And I hope you'll accept it. —
mm fema mtmy wRifi^ \ ^sikn# wto m\ my mm \
Would you be my guest tonight at the dinner? — Wfs? mm mm
cm fm%$ ft# ^\cm mrnm rnmm to-cs^rm mftm mm
i my\ #mt*\ mm ^Rt-w»r m « wmm
#mt*\ mrnm mm m \ ^r ^sm m\um mm? ft# mmm rt ^rm mm m\m\
mm yfm \ crsr :
two meters long = having the length of two metes.
A two meter long = the stick is two meters long.
Listening Response - CSff'SR Rfv5t
m\crn mm w® to mm m mm mm mm w mftrn \ ^ ms\ »rr ^
mm mm mstcm crnrn w mc$ m rt l rnmy& i m\ to 1 t w*r tofc i tmfem m\*\
CWU$ PiRr 'fRffiRR 'SMJ PiRr expression <lj<l^^> RR i (R5R:
Yes, right — WT^T
I see —
Strange! — '©Rpf!
How funny! — WSRRR C©t!
Is that so! — '©ft! Rlf%?
So that's the case? — '©l3,G 5 i RJhtRijt ^it?
Yes, go on. —
Exactly — *£|g<m!g*i $><p < ig s ig 5‘'I
Of course, I will — ^ <P^c<il
That's right — <ig«ig^i
T hat's exactly the case —
I agree —
What! — #! ^T!
Oh my God! — "5T?! *Ttf%!
*re-WG?T?r W ^ WJ^ Wf ^ WV I
‘3' ? 1 7 T ^fg|t RRjffl *r^G^ x t^f i£Rv expression-^ ‘ ! lf^1w 3G<lf i
eat — ^tt'S¥f
drink — *tt*T
suck — G s T N QTfT
lick — GW Wt <tf tffrl
swallow — f^fG«T G<P«lf
taste — T 5|M 1 i 7 T
chew — B<llG*if
bite off — 1%^ G'T'GTIt
eat voraciously — C^MRTi ^TTf
eat like a bird — ^TTf
throw up — <P^I (vomit)
eat too much — <P^I
breakfast — Wf^ W
lunch — ^
dinner — ^Ig^
supper — f'lG'HH G*f^l
feast — T 5Jt 7 Pf5Ri
fast — « <int
overeat — v ®if®G^»l'SM G^f*l G^fT
go without food — *Tf G^I?I
Means - ^tlTf
^ f^»tG<r ^ m i
Preposition Adverb- 1 ^ <IJ<l$jG*l*l v S‘ 5 t^ i
By any means — G*I G^t 7 ? ^dtG?I
By hook or by crook — G*I G^t 7 ? ^1G<13 G3f^
with a stick — ®flf^ ' 3 TT^T^IT
G^tG*r w <rt w gto <rm ^ ^ wv tzzrfkuv
^G*H>fi3 1 W’t:
> Have To + V = I have to go now.
> Must + V = You must do it.
> Shall + V = I shall go there.
> Be To + V = I am to go to office everyday.
> Be Supposed To + V = He is supposed to do the work.
> Can't But + V = I can't but help him.
> Can't Help + V(ing) = I can't help smoking.
\oifoa|\o(.<p R«TR (RRR (objective) WfRM Wl i
R * 1 ^ common expression-^ "Wf R?I i Ru> <l^«1 R>% expression CRSRl RR:
I think —
I think so — WRR Cst ^C*i
I don't think so — WRR Cst CsRR Rf
I think so, too. — WRTR3 ^c*! R?I
Opposition - Rwllwf
<o%?r ri ^%r terfwr rcr (Rmt wr rr i <rrr:
I have an objection. — WRtR i
But I'm afraid I oppose that view. — Rp3$ WffR' CR WffR' ^ R(,*!lf*TsT
But I'm afraid I can't agree. — RRI WllR CR <4 <p*i v © RIsiR, Rf i
Pause - RNR>
<ftosi<t w wm to *tro * ^r w <iror crR -^sto tow «
cto «r# i fro toto to<t toj <ro cto to tow rti i 4 tow tow
to<t ^rt^rw ^r#R to <jro "to to i
er (Wf )
mm (R "R )
^1v5w Wl 7 ? R 1 ^ <PHW V ©|^*|R> Rw <KHt WW v ©l^R> WtW ^c«1 may 'TO® can
Can I use your pen?
Yes, you can.
May I speak to you for a minute?
Yes, you may.
Counting - 5 t c t*Tt <TO
(R'lR'M ^]<IC*H ^’ 5 H ‘TOR ‘TOTI'S TO'© Wl 7 ? Rp% TORT ^T *|R^W Skill's?^ ^ «Tt i
toto tot t°wfro Rfi^ ^to tow i to*t tofIR ^to tow <tnt
\SR'© i fro i£|'©Wt TOTORt TOT TOTt i
One = First = 1st
Two + Second = 2nd
Three = Third = 3rd
Four = Fourth = 4 th
Five = Fifth = 5th
Six = Sixth = 6th
Seven = Seventh = 7th
Eight = Eighth = 8th
Nine = Ninth = 9th
Ten = Tenth = 10th
Spoken English Rule
mm m m mmmj fell mtm ml, (71 m<r mr mm m am/is/are mm
<PHC^£> mm i ^miT rnlc<PjH main verb Rmi(,<l "mm mm i
Wf^T ^<P'sr*i — I am a boy.
‘ ! ^f# cmn^m — The earth is round.
^mt mlm# — They are brave.
mm simimtmm mm fmmt mt rnmmr ^ mm ^?mtw mm mrnm mm# am/is/are fmm
w mmm mm 4ms mtmmrn mim elmimtw (?) fmm mm i
vojtfm fm mm? — Am I a student?
f% cmmrmm? — Is the earth round?
mmt f% mm#? — Are they brave?
to?to toitoj t^/to/to ^ totot tot tototo toto am/is/are-TO tot not witoi
<p^(.^> to i
TOtf*! fTOWTOtft *T^ i — I am not a liar.
*J%TO TO TOTO TO i — The rich are not always happy.
<m QroilM totw Tif^ cto ^rro^r ^Dwtro wro tot to rw ^im, totot
TOTOTO TOTO have been/has been TOT i
CT ^ fro TOW 1 — H e has been ill for two days.
TOTO (TOTOtTO TO® TO^TOfl^® 1 — They have been absent since Sunday last.
TOW TOW <|ftl TO^ i — It has been raining heavily for two hours.
Note: Singular Subject *IZ3 'has' Plural Subject 'have' TOT/
TO#TOW TO® WTO TOT TOW ^ felt% TOTOJWWTO TOf^r TOWTOW TO, TOW ^£#3?
TOW TOTO WTO WTO TOf^® has/have TOTO^M WTO TOTOW TOfel fTO® TO TO° WTO
(?*to towtow (?) Bs* fro® to i
CT 1% ^ fTO TOW TO^f? — Has he been ill for two days?
^TOTO 1% CTOTOtTO TO® TO^TOfTO? — Have they been absent since Sunday last?
^#®TOT TO® WTO TOT TOW f^® if fert% TOWt TOTOMTOt TOTO TO (TOW’ TO, TOW
TOW TOTO Have not been/Has not been TOT i
WTO fro TOT TOW TOJ3; TO i — They have not been ill for three months.
TOW TO® TO^ TO i — It has not been raining since morning.
win Noun-4<i (4<i#, 4 <nm, 4^sh t^#r) ^mi<t
<P^(.°l'Q WT, «Tt <P^(.®1'Q K«T i ?°c<]fs?cvs A/An <P3(.\J> ^ I
Ut^t (i£^fi>) '*t^' i — Dhaka is an old city.
(71 (i£|<P'st«i) 'sftTTl c^c«i i — He is a good boy.
Golfer "oMn Adjective (Noun-^ (7tH-'3 c f-^<13f)- | iH A/An <10^ «Tt i R 5 ^ Adjective-
^?T Noun ^J1<r :, C®1 ©Mi A/An <1 C^l i
(71 ^rft — She is beautiful.
(7T ^rft ^lRl<pf — She is a beautiful girl.
^T>T ■*fo J — It is very hard.
^ ■*fo J — It is a very hard work.
Rp% ^5jt^ fjzRjT^ ^°Cnl«T Have/Has <10^1 i ^1c<H main verb
Rc^l G<1 <i)<]^)^s ^?f <iR° ^ ‘ ! t^' Noun <10^1 i
^5jt5JT^ ^<pR <P«1^ i — I have a pen.
‘jsR f*t° i — The cow has two horns.
<ra R^ W <^m ^im <rt *ira i
f%? — Has he an umbrella?/Does he have an umbrella?
1% — Have you a book?/Do you have a book?
^3% ^t^g^rr ^rr 's&m, fwt <* The ^ i
I have read a book. The book is interesting.
<2# ^ The ^7T i
The rich are not always happy.
^rc?rr ^ ^ i
^ *Tl^ i — I have no book./l don't have any book.
i — She has no pride./She does not have any pride.
Note: 3rd person singular number verb-4W C*RN s/es /
%r ?t ^ *r?r mr w ^ w subject-^
am/is/are <KA1 verb-^ ing ^ i
’tlR <10^1 '5ft^ i — A bird is sitting on the branch of the tree.
i#kil i — The boy is standing on the road.
snswra* ‘ter, %r *4’ ^ feim *t?r <Rm ?re?r
am/is/are WR?t ^7T ^ ^J<I C*lW snsWra* (?) <R7ii
(7f f% «ap>w WR^? — Is he hiding in the room?
'sfat 1% gc>*jIc<i "^T WR^? — Are they sitting on the chair?
%r fern *tc?r <kt snwr <Rm subject-^ ^ am
not/is not/ are not ^7T verb-^ ing ^ i
«ap»w *Tf^ i — The rat is not hiding in the hole.
v£^)lci ^ i — The boy is not standing in the yard.
^ c far^- 's m <rt ^r, stfm sm^ t w 7 rra'
The Sundarbans, The USA, The Tajmahal, The High Court.
vs#*t 'S *$p4 The ^7T i
Hira is the first boy in the class.
He will come on the 15th February.
^wt, w$m'< <tr^t *^Q?rr fen be ^ w ^ i
Wf <PW ^8 — Please be quiet.
^'Q^Tf — Don't be cruel.
C^H ^ ^°c<ihST There was/There were <10*1 1
^ f^«T — There were two blind men in this village.
<^*1 nm ft«T — There was a tiger in the forest.
Cffi nt <F§ ‘%T t%’ was/were
1% OiT^H fec^il? — Was there a shop here?
^ feTt f%? — Was there any fish in this pond?
Noun-^ “'JCd All/Both/Half 2f^1% ^C<! 'sIC'T*! “did Noun-^ The <HA1 i
He spent all the money.
He ate half the bread.
Adjective-^ dTCd The <IJ<l$fd <P*K,«1 (Tf^t Noun ^Cil nln <iTd° n^dlH ^fdUn
^5fWf OTdi^ ‘dt?I *Tt — The blind can not see.
Wt%T Cdf*1 n>*df <IC«1 »Tt — The wise do not talk more.
^fdlfas Singular Common Noun-^ dTCd The WT i
The cat, The rose, The cow, The Bangladesh
Note: Man W$f 'fft'ff Wff& 4W° Woman W$f 7 ttft Wtf& wfW Article
wtro<t ^ The wn
The Padma, The Bay of Bengal, The Indian Ocean.
C^H ^1% 2ftf CENT'S <ptfn7T ‘Wt^’ fem Am/Is/Are 1
(71 ^IKbC^ 1 — He is in the house.
RMTTt 1 — They are in danger.
Wfe cffi < 0 % <rt <f§ <rt £ft% 1% f^riTr <rte^j?r $
Am/Is/Are <ffi35J?r SNOT <TC7T W C*fOT SfcfOTt*J<F (?) (Tf'QTft ^ I
(71 ^tf^o R*? — Is he in the house?
RMTTt 1%? — Are they in danger?
C^t 7 ? Pll^fS ^jfs 3 SfT% ^5It^ ^fUTT ^N1 f ^ ^vCufs? There is/There are i
'5Jt£$) ^5j|^ — There are two cows in the field.
— There is a museum in Panchagarh.
^RRtsl G<P3, Rp% 1%’ ' 3 T 5 T?r Is/Are x t^f'©Ml There-^ WflTt
^71 ^ C*tOT SfejOTW fiiUS 1
^ SftOT f%? — Is there any lawyer in this village?
*1c<ki3 RhR W f%? — Are there three pens in your pocket?
Note: (NdP ^fiifirz pfiw Wt P& p/t JPitffl ‘pf$’ P>P1W there is no <ICP /
CWP: Whiles <r 0ZW CPPf WfWfW PT^ / — There is no doctor in our village.
W C<F Its ‘WR^’ felt* Have been/Has been
Wff^T C*l**t* i — I have been here since Sunday last.
^ **i>t *tW ^G®1 ^TR^ i — Mainul has been in the school for two hours.
w (<fi$ CENT'S fen sw 1% ^r^’ feit*
have/has *K^J?T SNCT <R7T ^ *R?m C*tW 2l^W (?) fe f^o ** i
l^T 1% i£)*> 'STRT Tft^s UTOT WTC^t? — Have you been in Dhaka for one month?
(7T 1% 1 i x f5T C'sM* Wf^? — Has he been in your house since 10 a.m.?
^Rshs >h*j PUs> c^'S CENT'S *Ti^ <pfR?T ^N* ^°cnl©r Have not bee/Has not been
(7T fh*T ^iw »Tl^ i — He has not been in the house for three days.
Rc<P«l (H>t <PC«lC'sr *Tl^ i — The students have not been in the college
since 5 p.m.
<R *tfes|, fet*, OT pm The PUP i
The Holy Quran, The Ittefaq.
#r, ferit, fen, nfe, nffe fexfc fef The ncn i
The earth, The moon, The sun, The east, The west.
Adjective-^n Comparative ^n° Superlative Degree-^ the nun i
The earlier, The better, The best boy.
'Is' ^?T W^bsnm 'Was' 'Are' 'Were' Wfn Have 'S Has ^
^fbs^ 9 ! Had. fe fen ‘fen’ febT ferfw Had WT i
'Sjfntn fen — I had a book.
'©In Ifen — He had good knowledge in English.
nnsn fe fen 1% ^fer ‘fen fe n^ntn nnnnn nrnftnn Had witn
mnnn '©In mbs Ifen ffe — Had he a/any house in Dhaka?
nmm Rp% ffen *n <prt£«T ‘Ifen nb n>ntn ^°c*ifst <p*k>© Had not/Had no nm i
vsfarn t£)<J*f^ v G ^WbT ffefT *n — They had not a single child/ They had no child,
ffen *n — He had not a single friend/ He had no friend.
(^n*r Rife nt fer ^ic^i ‘ffe’ n>nm ^°wfsr was/were <kai i
Wfln (TKftn feffe fern — I was present there.
CStsra’ vsr«H 5 ^f^ 7 ? f^®T — The work was tough for you.
C^H Wfe ^ ‘%T t%’ vsm <1* W was/were
^ 1% ^pp? 1%«T? — Were you ill?
*!%«1 1% ^C«1 %? — Was Mainul in the school?
C^t 7 ? Rife'S <5)1^ ‘1R«i *Tf’ ^°c*lfst was not/were not <10^1 1
"5^ f^T «Tt — The cows were not in the field.
(7T 1%Rf^vft 1R«i ^ — He was not punctual.
Noun W <Tt C’KT ^H?T The WT i
He joined the Bar.
C^t 7 ? R 1 ^ RRI*f^ C^t 7 ? Adjective-^ The <5(^1 i
He likes the part of an egg.
C^M ^ ‘f^°l 7 ft’ f^t£«T W %wfsr There was not/There were not
*Tf — There was no beggar in this town.
f*tTOTOQ f^«T TO — There was not a single teacher in the school.
%r, %r to to ^ from tot 4 %r to ‘fern’ toto totot to totot toto
was/were-TO; verb-^T TOT ing (TOTO TOI i
TOtfr CTTOT/T I was going there.
TO TOffl Coif'S? TOTOs% — The woman was looking for her bag.
%r, %r to fs? 13 fto tot *%r 1%’ totot to totot tot tot tto
was/were TOtTTO TOT ^TO verb-^T TOT ing (TOTO TO i
T TO' 1% TOTOT (cjfTOCT) %T? — Were they hiding in the jungle?
CT 1% TMTO TOfTOl f^®T? — Was he standing in the road?
‘*«l’ (^TO) TO TO %TO TO TO TOTOT TOT ^°c*lfst was not/were not TOT i
TOTO TOT ^TT f^T TO — They were not lying in the house.
TOtfr TOC& CTOfT TOTOTOTO TO — I was not playing in the field.
TO®kTO CTO CTOTO'S TOT f§TO ^TOIc«l 'TO' ^°c<ihST had been TOT i
(7 T ’TOTlfTOs ^ TOT Iro — He had been in Germany for two months.
TOtfk TOTO fTO TOTO TOfTOT IrorlTO — I had been in the office for three hours only.
W°«Tl QhiI* ‘W*ft f^=T W ?°c<ihST <p<ic^ ^c«i supposed to W*ffe (supposed to
+ verb) <1^ i
'SM ^IT ft®T — I was supposed to go to Chittagong.
Wf'S? C^Tt^ R°1 — They were supposed to play today.
Note: To-fW W verb-<fW present form /
W°«T ^1c<Pj ^°cnl«T could Wiffc (could + verb simple) <10^1 1
fhc*1 W>IG® ^Tl <q c^> — You could come at day.
<l$fe I^MC'© — You could buy the book.
Sentence- 1 ^ IF, Had, Oh that ^)lfh <lj<l^ Exclamatory Sentence "Wl
If I were a bird!
Had I two wings!
Oh that, I could die!
WlW wife® c^c^, ^°(.<ihST Have been/Has been
W7T verb ing CTffl' ^ i
Wlfsr 1%*T ^ — I have been reading in this school for three
^Wl«T yct^ — It has been raining heavily since morning.
ot ' 3 T s m ^ ^ <r^, ^spsffc f^m ^
‘$G v ©f^G® r M’ <pnl^ ©T*ij was/were ^ <£R\ verb-^
C*IW ing (TIM i
'STTs^T *nfr f*t^M (^I^G^f^lM) — We were hunting bird.
fl^T ^G«1 — Hira was going to school.
<M <TK7^ ferm 4-C5 (%tf|, ^ <TO7T t°7Tltw have/has ^
verb-^ past participle <MG<1 i
ti|<pfD ^ f<K*lf^ — I have bought a book.
(^©MM MM <pg*ig% — Your father has done this.
«I#s#f <£|-f|«T (^g<i1Vi, feim ^C#5t 'SIM verb-4^ past
tense ^G^l i
Mtl^l Mfas — I saw him at night.
(71 Ms Mtft; R^giI^ 8 ! — He bought the book last year.
wrtwtM stsMTw $ _c^ (%r^), 4-fl (%tft) ^ ^scafir femr
have/has verb-^ past participle ^?T i
(7T 1% C*fa <K3G5? — Has he completed the work?
1% <K3 — Have you done the sum?
«i#s^ £i^w %rt%, ^n%rsr ^ fern t°T^ w did wr i
'gfa 1% ^<p|«T ^c^r^c-l? — Did you come yesterday?
(71 f% '^'|©rfD C*ft TO%r? — Did he complete the work last month?
feH Wtf ‘fa’ fa^) WV have not/has not 4^?
verb-^ past participle ^ i
^srTf^r ^5|tW (Trfafa — I have not seen you today.
(71 <P«l*fa (7f?I 1% — He has not given me the pen.
^Dw^f <[<Hft7T feH fa’ fa^) WV did not WT i
^Itfa (^sT 5 !^ ‘ 5 1's<pR (Tifafa — I did not see you.
"^llfa ' 5 rlTrf% — Akash did not go to the field.
^t°«Tt ct femi ^ (%t%), ‘*r (%t) (^®) ^ ^ wh
'SHI verb-^ past tense <10^1 1
(7f 1WH C^sTH — He came during the day.
(7f WlHlIH 5 ' ^ — She loved me very much.
*4-%r (tmf^f) ‘«t’ (^r) (^©) fs? fern It 2 m *nwi T?r tth hhh
2fTH Did TH 1
1% Wl*IC^»? — Did you know the story?
f^t 1% tel%? — Did Hira go there?
HtMt <tkt ot ferm ‘f^r (Hit) tt-ht (t^ hi) m-ht (hh hi) ^ t<t tscaf®?
din not ^ i
TlHHT 1 c I < hI^ — We did not hear the sound.
1%lfw ^C«1 CW Ht — They boy did not go to school regularly.
H/IH fo? ferm t°7^W HHT shall/will W TRT i
vojtftr ‘'Teh — 1 shall read.
'■gfa C^l«ic<i — You will play.
^ fern 1%’ stef shall/will swct w*r i
l^T 1% Utef ^rfW? — Will you go to Dhaka?
(7f 1% ^1 l>c< 1? — Will he swim?
<r/t<r fs? fern ^ ‘^r ^it shall not/will not i
v5ftf^ ^5jtw ^c«l *Tf — I shall not go to school today.
(71 WfW 0*I«1C<! *Tl — He will not play today.
<r/t<r fs? ferm ^l«f ‘CSfflSW shall/will-4<T must W<1 I
"*11^ — I must go.
— You must come.
^fMra c*tw *^r, ‘'s’ <rt ‘t’ verb wr i
(7T — He reads novel.
^5fW f%*TteT — We take rest at night.
wr <^<m feim c*tw ^nr q# «nwr ^ fern
^ simple verb Wf teTf i
9 tlf^t vScvb — Birds fly in the sky.
^ ^«T r l — Two men live in this room.
wr 4 <r c*tF$ ‘^’ ‘wrr q# «nwr if wf?t s/es
verb < P3(.'© ^ i
' 3 T^ ^ c tT <PW — Everybody hates a liar.
(31^ ^ " ! tt?f — The man suffers from cold.
*t\ *®r ^ fern ^ 1%’ ^rr 4<r ^ w era do wt i
1% ^sjtsjtn — Do you love me?
<?£« 1% ^°wfs? l>hs? — Do you want to learn English?
‘4’ ?t W ^ ^ ^ 1%’ « SltWT 4?T ^ Do/Does
1% (^sT 5 ^ OiTT? — Does the dog guard your house?
C®n<pfi5 1% f%lfw '*n?f? — Does the man go to office regularly?
%\ ‘vsT <n ‘^s’ ^ fern w *=rr <kt t°'^r do not i
Wlf^i f^lJt 7 lt — I don not tell a lie.
Wlf^i (TP*!^ *Tl — I do not go there.
*4’ ‘wrr feim ‘^r <nt <Rm do not/does not
(7f WfTTT «Tl — He does not come here.
'sM (^TCTT K«T ^Tf — They do not obey the rules of health.
Note: < pd? ^<P<li> r 'l ICV does not do not W^NW <P$Cw / Does not-4W
Nd verb -~<4W s/es ^ r °W y^ ^c<! *Tt i
<Tlc<H *^?T ‘^Tfn’ 3i1<K«l ^°wl©t ©?*1) am/is/are verb-^ past
participle form ^ i
~m (FP*lt ^ — Tigers are seen in the Sundarbans.
<#T *TRt mm ~m\ — Water is used in various works.
femr m *^T f%’ am/is/are <10^ verb-^ past
participle form ^ i
IFfaT 1% ^°wl©t " ! T5t^T ^?f? — Is English taught in your class?
^ C^IM f%? — Is this room washed everyday?
fipw (adjective - noun-^^ am, '© e r, *m\) m *t?r m mm m 1
tZGfik ~m\$ ©mi get/grow/become <1^ i
^ — The sky becomes clear after the rainfall.
9 tf?ISlW IT® — Old men grow tired by hard work.
‘#T It W <KtI ‘^3¥T fc'Q, tv'rfr am/is/are 1ST i
fo^<p ^vs, SsTTftT 5 ' ^Tf <pnc<l — If you are a beggar, everybody will
vsj^pf ^ ^©g<! U^f 3G<1 — If you are lazy, you will fail.
IT^STt GTKTT TO* The H7T i
9 t1M^ w <fti ‘cT^rr^’ wr ^if®? look ^ i
G^G<P GTlT>t STTiS^, — You look fatty.
^©t£T> fTTSf (TfTi^ — He looks gloomy.
WlJ *^T W’ seem ^ i
'©IW 1T«TN> $gw$ — He seems clever.
^©1^ IT® ^G®1 *ig* 1 yG«$ — He seems to be tired.
feel WS i
’ s TC*T $(.us — The room feels warm.
*K.*i $CW 5 — The bed feels comfortable.
Cffi 4^# *K?T *^T ^lt?T ^TSrfw I think « i
W'S? ^fl $C<1 <K,«1 ^G*1 "5TI — I think it will rain today.
^C«i "5TI C«Tl<pfD c4co (?^ — I think the man is not alive.
*t?T 3CilG% (yy^llc^) ^<PC«1 '©t?' <pnl^ 'SMJ have been/has been
<10^1 verb-^ past participle ^ i
W^Tl 0T3¥f 3CilC^ — The application has been submitted.
3CilG^ — The letter has been posted.
W^©^t«T femt ^ was/were <10^1 <£Rv verb-^
past participle ^ i
1^1# ' 5 flPT t^TK <Ml ^CilC^ — This house was built in January.
C^T ?c<i(.^ — The books were bought a long time ago.
fern have/has W £f«fw ^7f
verb-^ past participle ^ i
f%? — Has the room been cleaned?
C 9 )!^ ^Rpc^l ‘hl^tiTfl' f%? — Have the letters been sent to the post
^vflwf^r felt* WT?T W was/were WT ^
verb-^* past participle ** i
9j\jKpfo?r c<P*il ^Ciic^ f%? — Were the books bought yesterday?
(3>|*ifi5c<P *J*t ^Ciic^ f%? — Was the thief caught yesterday?
<q M <p 1 c®1 felt? *1* (3* *1^) 'Wi* ' 3 T 5 T5T has not been/have not
been <10^ ^l*° verb-^* past participle i
(?f*t *TR — He has not been given the book.
^l<l^fD C^rTft •Tl^ — He has not been given the news.
vo|\s)\jx^|cq ‘$*iPp (3* <[*rft®T was not been/were not been <10^ <4*° verb- 1 ^* past
participle "5* i
c*f^ ^ 7f|^ — The works were not been completed yesterday.
^\s<pf«T Rfel* "3* 7 rf^ — The cow was not been sold yesterday.
?IS?J Adjective (fem)-4? ?? ?*?!? have/has 4?? ^
got/grown/become ?£? i
?N«T — The man has become mad.
( 7 f ^c<i(.^ — She has become more beautiful.
(?>1? 4?# <i^h<pf«T f?^s ^ fen?
had been/have been ?? i
’fo C?t??t? c^^l«lf ^Ciics^ — The sky has been cloudy since Sunday last.
C? 3G^G5 — He has been ill for a long time.
<M felt? *t? Wf ^7?fw ^ W was/were 4?^
verb-^? past participle “5? i
Tjfa? ’ttot — The boy was sent to Dhaka.
Rnlc<P ^•q*!? 0T?n — Hira was given a prize.
fen? *t? *^?fe f%fer ^7?tw ?^?m W was/were ?OT
*4?° verb-^? past participle ?? i
WN? 3,g^«i f%? — Were you called in?
^ ?£? ?l? (FKf CW f%? — Were tigers seen in this jungle?
*Tt’ ^T1 <pc«i W ^°c<ihST 's?*ij were not/was not ^7f
verb-^ past participle ^ i
‘ 5 ti'6TIt ^Jtn — The book was not found.
G«TR J 'S(. s il(.<P '^rl^T^JT *Ti — The people were not helped.
(adjective)-^ *3?T fSRIH became/grew/got ^°wl©? <1^ i
— The boy became blind.
(7i <rmtfw ^«T — He got angry.
^1c<W^ feft<T *f?T ‘^CW?/^TIcw?’ ^vCufs? am being/is being/are being <10^
verb-^ past participle 1
t^T^rr — He is being seen in the field.
"Wi — The house is being repaired.
‘€^t wr, wr, m ‘smflm’ *n^r w t°T^
am/is/are <^>1 verb-^ past participle i
<1OT CWtIci* 'S?*1J 1*1 cr *1 CT?lt ^®T — You are directed to join in your duty.
t^NJt ^Tf ^rm 'smj CSMW — You are forbidden to tell a lie.
^t°«TT ^Ig<h Adjective ‘^Gt^’ 'sfa ^°G<ihs? am/is/are <£Rv
«Wl — The tree is growing tall.
( 7 f voi^ yGt^ — He is getting sick.
^TtMt ^1 g<w tom *t?T ^i1<pG«l ^°G*lfst <PHf^ 'sr r O was being/were being ^G^l
<£R‘° verb-^ past participle ^ i
(^Tl<pfi5c<p ^f^Pl "Wl — The man was being laughed at.
‘ht^'farl — Akash was being sent to the post office.
^TfMf ^1 g<w* Adjective ^°G*lfsr 'sr*Hj was/were
^G^l ^G^f getting/growing i
WPHtTM — The place was growing hot.
?ff?R^T ^1^3 ?lf*i<i yft>^ — The poor were getting poorer.
l "5^/^G<l’ ^i1<PG«l ^°G^fsr © 1*13 shall be/will be ^G^l <£Rv verb-^ past
participle ^ i
'^1®l<pfDc<i 5 "*111% C'TGTIT ^G<1 — The boy will be punished.
'sPT f*W CT?lt — You will be given a good lesson.
(?m ^ ^ ‘f%f W ^ shall be/will be ^ i
— I shall be a teacher,
f^t — Hira will be a engineer.
C^t 7 ? ‘Rp% $i,<f ^°cnl«T There shall be/There will be yc<i
^pT SttWt ^C<l — There will be a public meeting in the school yard.
^ <1^ <HJl ^C<1 «Tt — There will be no flood in this year.
cffi wr cro <#<[wi<i w ^rr w term ^?rfw shall/will ^
‘£R‘° '©t?‘ become <10*1 i
^1^*1 ^C<l — If you read regularly, you will become successful.
^c<! 'sfl^T ma — If you move, you will die.
m ^OT<I WT '5It 7 rf^ WFgte < #W 7 I ‘W fcftiT wm WV shall be/will
be <R7T i
\§f^I — I shall be glad if you come.
1^1 — You will be happy if you marry Tisha.
fcrt<T ‘Q§ ^ sftWT have to/has to i
C^fs? 'G'fh — I have to buy a medicine everyday.
C'stc s ic<p 1% sj^s ^?T? (stefG^lW) — Does the fisherman have to catch fish?
fen<T c*tw W WI/T& ^ ^T^tw had to WT i
Pic«li5 (3U5 — I had to go to Slyhet.
<MC^ ^1% — He had to resign his post.
<p^i *Tf ‘C© 'SMJ had to be <10^1 <^R\ verb-^ past
participle ^ i
%% ^C*H<P ^)<M ^G'© ^G*jf^«l — Many lives had to be sacrificed
during the war of independence.
(£T^T>t f?R£^© *G*fe — A new house had to be bought.
STSK^IW: Had a new house to be bought?
7 fl'-G^lW: A new house had not to be bought.
‘C© $,G<f '^F ^Tl<pc«i ^©fa ^\(.<ihs? shall have to/will have to i
— I shall have to go to Chittagong.
G^mtG^ ^©rfw© — You will have to draw a picture.
Subject (Wf) *Tf ‘Co ^°c<ihST shall have to be/will have
to be verb-^ past participle ^ i
'oTsTotf^ <phco $c<i — The work will have to be completed.
f^f3F <p<ico — The house will have to be sold.
‘Co 3G<l’ "^3= felt CSft'Et^Tt <P^f $,G®1 must have to <K>l i
'oft^ WCo^ ^C<1 — He must have to do the work.
WMW ^Tf ^Mco$ ^c<] — I must have to keep my word.
Subject (Wf) *Tf ‘Co $c<l’ Qt>^Ic<P C5tT3t£«n' $,G®1 must have to be <10^1 <£Rv
verb-^ past participle ^ i
^C©t — Terrorism must have to be controlled.
Slfb&i <P?iw^ ^c<l — The rule of law must have to be established.
fem C'tw ‘Co ^5? ^ WTsT ^ shall be/will be WT ve rb-
^?T ing C*lM ^ i
C^StCo sf|<K<if — We shall be running.
\k$\ ^Co ^Tl<pc<i — Hira will be waiting.
fcrR c * icr rrr’ (?rr «) ‘4 mrcr’ (?rr riIrir) ^ rr^ ^r t°TRfw rrir wrj
shall have/will have RCR ^R° verb-^R past participle RM RR i WRRjt; RMT5T RR>C«T
shall have/will have-^R RlfiRG'® must have ?c<i i
OsfRRt RW5T 'StR RlRtR — You will have heard the story.
C®n<pi^C<P ^<1*0^ CRCR R1<PG<! — You must have seen the man.
Rt°«R RtSR j ferR W’ RR^M ^sR to RCR I
CR ^IfRtCR* CRR^ 4G>fc — He came to see me.
Rt ^aHRlCR* tRRft R>Rf <mg^ f*lG*R — Mother forbade me to tell a lie.
Preposition 'of-^R RCR verb-^R RtCR ing CRM RRTo RR i
I am afraid of working.
He is fond of playing cricket.
See, hear, find, watch ^©jlfR verb-^R RR CRRR verb RRRR RRR RCRRtR RCR ^
simple verb RJRRR RRC's RR i
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